LIST OF GOVERNOR'S ADDRESS
by His Excellency, the Governor of Manipur, Shri Lallan Prasad Singh
to the Manipur Legislative Assembly on 25.3.1977.
Mr. Speaker and Hon’ble Members,
It gives me great pleasure to welcome you to this Budget Session of
the Legislative Assembly.
1. I am glad to say that the year which is now coming to a close has
been a year of all-round progress and advancement. There has been an
atmosphere of discipline and hard work which, I am sure, will
continue over the coming year. That alone will enable us to face the
challenges that lie ahead.
2. During the year 1976-77, the law and order situation remained
under control even though the underground were active in the East
District. A number of Naga and Mizo hostiles surrendered to the
authorities, in some cases along with weapons. Financial assistance
of approximately Rs. 10 lakhs was given to 526 underground for their
rehabilitation. 39 new Police out-posts were opened. The CID was
3. My Government has decided to continue the rehabilitation
programme during the coming year and extend the assistance to the
loyal citizens who have suffered at the hands of the underground and
also to offer rehabilitation benefits to the ex-members of the RGM.
We have also decided to raise another battalion of Manipur Rifles to
meet the law and order situation.
4. In view of the long outstanding demand for the return of KANGLA
to the State Government, the Government of India have agreed to
shift the 4th Assam Rifles to a new site on the outskirts of Imphal,
as soon as the construction of buildings required by the battalion
is completed. The construction is likely to start in the coming
5. It has been decided to open 7 more courts of Judicial
Magistrates. For the purpose, the posts of one Chief Judicial
Magistrate, 6 Munsiff Magistrates, 2 Addl. Public Prosecutors and 6
Assistant Public Prosecutors have been sanctioned. The posts of
Chief Judicial Magistrates and the Munsiff Magistrates have been
6. For the first time, 10 officers of Manipur Police Service are in
the Select List for appointment against promotion vacancies in the
I.P.S. and 6 vacancies are likely to be filled in the near future.
Similarly, officers of the forest Service have also been selected
for the Indian Forest Service.
7. A Treasury has been opened at Senapati and a Sub-Treasury at
Chandel. It has been decided to introduce during the coming year a
State Finance and Accounts Service for which Service Rules have been
8. The Planning Commission have examined the requirements of the
State Government sympathetically and have increased the Annual Plan
outlay for the current year from Rs. 16.59 crores to Rs. 17.56
crores. For the next year, an outlay of Rs. 23.19 crores has been
agreed to. This represents an increase of 36% over the current
year’s outlay. For the accelerated development of the tribal
areas, special assistance of Rs. 124 lakhs has been approved. This
is in addition to the flow of Rs. 861 lakhs out of the State Plan.
The NEC has also agreed to allot Rs. 175 lakhs for the Regional
programmes for the coming year. This is exclusive of the provision
for the Regional Medical College.
9. Efforts will continue to be made to raise additional resources
from various financial institutions such as Commercial Banks and the
Agricultural Re-Finance Corporation.
10. During the year under review, the Banks have opened branches at
Senapati, Tamenglong and Chandel.
11. In Agricultural Sector, improved varieties of paddy and wheat
seeds, adequate to cover the targeted area of 40,000 and 10,000
hectares, respectively, and 1.5 thousand tonnes of fertilisers were
distributed at subsidised rates. More than 65,000 hectares were
covered under Plant protection programme and 55,000 hectares were
brought under double cropping programme. Various schemes have also
been taken up for development of horticulture and soil conservation.
12. In the field of training of farmers the Government of India have
agreed to establish one Krishi Vidya Kendra during the year. It will
impart training to the farmers in the scientific method of
cultivation. The long-standing demand of the people for provision of
facilities for higher education in agricultural science was
considered by a team sent by the Government of India and, on their
advice, a project report is now under preparation for inclusion in
the next year’s programme.
13. The Manipur Land Revenue and Land Reforms (Amendment) Act, 1975,
came into force on 1st August 1976 lowering the ceiling of
agricultural land holdings from 10 hectares to 5 hectares, and for
bigger families from 20 hectares to 8 hectares. Land which become
surplus will be distributed to the landless, belonging to the weaker
sections. Under the 20-Point Economic Programme, about 11,500
hectares of cultivable lands have already been distributed to about
22,500 landless persons. House sites have been allotted to about 3oo
persons. It has also been decided to give assistance in cash or kind
up to Rs. 500/- each to the landless workers in the rural areas for
construction of houses. With the passing of the Manipur Agricultural
Indebtedness Relief Act, 1976, a general moratorium on debts of
rural artisans, and small and marginal farmers has been imposed for
a period of one year, extendable to 3 years.
14. In the field of Animal Husbandry, three veterinary dispensaries
were opened and proposal for up-gradation of 6 dispensaries to
hospitals is under way. Steps have been taken for the implementation
of the intensive Cattle Development Project. One semen collection
Centre, 2 regional Artificial Insemination Centres and 36 sub-centres
are now functioning in the State. Proposals for opening one more
centre and 5 sub-centres are under consideration. A District Poultry
Farm at Churachandpur and chick rearing centre at Porompat have
started functioning. A Regional exotic cattle breeding farm under
the aegis of the NEC has been established.
15. As a result of the concerted efforts made in the past, it was
possible to make sufficient quantities of fish available for sale to
the public on important festivals like “NINGOL CHAKOUBA” etc.
The revenue for the coming year is anticipated to be Rs. 1.6 lakhs.
For the first time, a Training programme for farmers on scientific
method of fish rearing has been organised and 20 trainees, including
one girl, have been selected. They will be given stipends for the
duration of the training.
16. The Co-operative has assumed an important role in the
development of the State. The existing 670 Agricultural Credit
Co-operative Societies in Manipur are being reorganised and
amalgamated into 50 large Size Multipurpose Societies in the Hills
and 100 Nyaya Panchayat Level Multipurpose Societies in the Valley
during the 5th Five Year Plan. The target of 10 LAMPS and 25 Gram
Panchayat Level Multipurpose Societies fixed for 1976-77 has been
achieved. Another 20 LAMPS and 35 Gram Panchayat Level Multipurpose
Co-operative Societies will be organised in the coming year.
17. For proper development of forestry and optimal exploitation of
forest wealth to raise the State’s resources, the Forest
Administration has been re-organised. A Forest Policy on the lines
of the National Forest Policy has been framed. Departmental working
has also been taken up and a forest Training School has been
established for training of the Guards. Over 2 lakh seedlings were
distributed during this year and 11 lakhs will be distributed during
the coming year. Rubber and coffee are being introduced on a fairly
18. A Zoological park was established on 2nd October 1976, the
Gandhi Jayanti Day, at Imphal. The Wild Life Sanctuary at Keibul
Lamjao has also been declared as a National Park for the
brow-antlered deer. A new scheme has been taken up to secure deeper
involvement of the hill communities in the various programmes of
forestry. Due to the various regulatory and developmental programmes,
the revenue from forests is expected to rise sharply in the coming
19. The Hon’ble Members will be happy to know that various steps
have been taken for the speedy implementation of irrigation
projects. The works under Irrigation, Flood Control and Water Supply
have been taken out of the Public Works Department and put under a
separate Chief Engineer. Multipurpose project at Singda and the
irrigation projects at Khoupum Dam and Imphal Barrage are expected
to be completed ahead of schedule. Benefits of irrigation are likely
to commence, in respect of the Khoupum Dam and Imphal Barrage, from
July of this year. In case of Loktak Lift Irrigation Project, the
first phase will be completed and irrigation for an area of 10,000
hectares will be started with Diesel Power by the end of this year.
The fifth medium irrigation project on the Sekmai River with a
potential of 8,000 hectares of annual irrigation will be taken up
shortly. Detailed investigations for a multipurpose project on the
Thoubal River are nearing completion, and a project report is under
preparation. This project will be the largest in the State and after
completion, it will provide irrigation facility to about 20,000
hectares; enable generation of hydel power to the tune of 10
Megawatts, and make available 20 million gallons per day of drinking
water. Multipurpose projects on the Khuga and the Iril have also
been planned and detailed investigations are in progress. Minor
irrigation has received due importance. Out of 167 schemes taken up,
98, which will provide irrigation to about 12,000 hectares, will be
completed during this year. The remaining schemes are expected to be
completed during the coming year.
20. It is still in public memory that extensive areas in the valley
were seriously affected by severe floods during the last monsoon
season. As you all know, the Government rose to the occasion, and
took prompt and effective measures to avoid serious damages and
mitigate suffering and difficulties of those affected. The requisite
protection works, both short term and long term are being planned
for execution in a systematic manner for protecting property and
lives. A Central Team visited the State during October, 1976 and
Central assistance to the extent of Rs. 40.00 lakhs has been
21. The State has been experiencing great shortage of power due to
the delay in commissioning of the Loktak Hydro Electric Project. The
Government of India have been informed of the difficulties and I
understand that vigorous efforts are being made to expedite the
completion. In the meanwhile, my Government has taken steps to
increase the generating capacity and 8 diesel-generating sets of 248
KW capacity each were commissioned recently. Two diesel generating
sets of 1100 KVA capacity each, are being erected and these are
expected to be commissioned by June this year. Another scheme for
installation of two diesel generating sets, of 1450 KVA capacity
each, has been finalised for supplying power to the Loktak Lift
Irrigation Project and to meet the shortage in the Greater Imphal
area. The scheme is expected to be operative by December 1977.
Further, as a result of constant efforts, the revenue collection for
supply of energy is expected to go up and the loss on supply of
power is expected to be reduced by Rs. 40.00 lakhs during this year.
22. In the Industries sector, the construction of the Spinning Mill
is making good progress and investment of Rs. 117 lakhs has already
been made. A Geological Cell for investigation and exploration of
industrial minerals has been opened. The Manipur Handloom and
Handicrafts Development Corporation has been organised for Intensive
Development Project. My Government is trying to set up a Rayon Grade
Pulp factory at Jiribam with the help of a private party. A Project
report for establishing a cement plant at Ukhrul, with a capacity of
150 tonnes per day, is under preparation. Efforts will be made to
get it finalised quickly.
To encourage the tribal handicrafts, an emporium was opened by the
Government in Imphal in September last. Similarly Manipur Small
Industries Corporation opened emporia at Churachandpur and Ukhrul.
More will be opened during the coming year in the District
Headquarters under the sub-Plan.
23. The outlay on roads has been increased from Rs. 300 lakhs during
this year, to Rs. 475 lakhs in the coming year. Special emphasis has
been given to the improvement of highways and district and
sub-divisional roads. About 70 Kms of new roads will be constructed
during the coming year. The construction of NEC roads, such as
Tamenglong-Khongsang and about 80 Kms of the Jiribam-Tipaimukh road
up to the formation level is also expected to be completed during
Allotment for the administrative buildings has been increased to Rs.
80 lakhs for 1977-78. It will enable the Government to improve the
living conditions of Government servants in the Hill Districts.
24. My Government has paid constant attention to improve the public
transportation system. The Manipur State Road Transport Corporation
has been re-organised and 5 additional daily passenger services have
been introduced. With a view to facilitate transportation of goods,
reciprocal agreements have been made with the States of Assam and
Nagaland and with other States of the North Eastern Region.
25. Several steps have been taken to expand facilities as also to
improve the quality of education. The expansion of the Jawaharlal
Nehru University Centre for Post Graduate studies at Imphal is
progressing as planned and efforts are being made to start Post
Graduate Classes in science subjects. With a view to setting up a
separate university for Manipur, a Working Group has been
established to finalise the details and another one for drafting the
proposed bill. A phased programme to improve and develop at least
one college and one high school at each District and Sub-Divisional
headquarters has been initiated. Government has taken over 24 aided
Secondary schools, 3 ashram type schools are being established in
three of the Hill districts.
Further, my Government have decided to provide at least one Science
Teacher for every Government High School during the coming year.
With a view to encouraging science, science kits are being provided
to the Middle Schools. 50% of the Middle Schools have been covered.
This programme is expected to be completed during the coming year. A
start has been made to impart education to tribal children, at the
primary school level, in their dialect. Curriculum for classes I to
X have been prepared for the new 10 + 2 + 3 system of education.
Book Banks have been opened in 12 degree colleges and over 250
schools. Action has been taken to provide buildings for schools with
A Department of Social Welfare has been created and a school for the
Blind has been taken over by the Government. A home for the
destitute children is being established.
26. The Manipur Sangeet Mahavidyalaya has been taken over by the
Government. One more District Library in Tengnoupal District has
been opened. A Registration Officer has been appointed for the
That apart, 150 rural sport centres have been organised. One
composite stadium at Khuman Lampak, at an estimated cost of Rs.
15.00 lakhs is under construction. 1,000 additional college students
have been enrolled under the National Service Scheme and 31
educational institutions have been given financial assistance for
improvement of playgrounds. District Sports Councils for the 5 Hill
Districts and Manipur Olympic Association have been organised. The
State Level Sports Association was given assistance of Rs. 1.00 lakh
to enable them to participate in the National Championship. You will
all be glad to know that gliding training has already been
introduced under the NCC programme and a separate hangar for the
glider has been provided.
27. To beautify and properly develop Imphal town, various urban
development schemes have been taken up. Encroachments on road sides
were removed and schemes have been formulated for rehabilitation of
the evicted persons. House sites and shops, or shop sites have been
offered to those who had no other place to live in or carry on
business. The need for setting up a Municipal Corporation in Imphal
is being considered. A scheme to enable rickshaw pullers to become
owners of the rickshaws is in the process of implementation. An
amount of Rs. 15 lakhs will be given as loan to the low income group
category for construction of houses.
28. By the end of this year, 8 Primary Health centres and 26 sub-centres
will have been established. Two 50-bedded district hospitals have
been set up in the East and West Districts during this year, and 4
dispensaries were established with the active participation of the
people. The Family Planning programme received encouraging response
from the public and against the target of 4,500 sterilisations for
the whole year, over 6,000 cases were done by the middle of December
1976. Three Mobile dispensaries are being provided this year and two
next year. The Service Rules for Manipur Health Service have been
29. Four schemes have been taken up to augment water supply in
Imphal by 2 million gallons per day. One scheme to supply
half-million gallons per day has already been commissioned and 3 are
likely to be completed during the coming year. The Singda Water
Supply Scheme will be taken up next year and will augment water
supply in Imphal by 4 million gallons per day. Implementation of 28
rural water supply schemes to benefit a population of over one lakh
is under progress. Of these, 16 schemes will be completed, during
the current year.
30. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes constitute an
important section of the population and it has been the constant
endeavour of my Government to promote their welfare. To improve the
administrative machinery for implementation of the schemes for
welfare of tribals and other backward classes, a Directorate has
been set up during the current year. The Manipur Reservation of
Posts and Services (For Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes) Act
has been enacted.
31. Apprenticeship Training Scheme has been operating since October
1976, and 37 apprentices have availed of this opportunity. 3
district Employment Exchanges have been set up, at Ukhrul, Senapati
and Churachandpur. In the interest of improving relations between
the management and the workers, the Government has decided to extend
the scheme of Workers Participation in selected spheres. The
Government is actively considering grant of relief benefits to the
confirmed work charged employees.
32. The implementation of the schemes under Agricultural, Industrial
and Irrigation sectors is likely to generate substantial employment
for the educated unemployed and others.
33. Steps to discourage consumption of alcohol have been taken. With
this end in view, Prohibition Committees have been formed at
district and sub-divisional levels. Selling of liquor in public
places is being stopped and the issue of new licences for liquor
shops has been reduced.
34. Active steps have been taken to check the price rise.
Arrangements have been made to supply sugar in the hill areas at
subsidised rates. Transport subsidy has been extended for cement and
food grains by the Government of India by accepting all District
Headquarters as rail-heads. My Government took care to maintain
constant supply of all essential commodities through the alternative
route while communication between Dimapur and Imphal was disrupted
for over a month, thereby maintaining the price level.
35. In order to inculcate among the people a sense of
self-Government and appreciation of democratic principles, the
Panchayati Raj structure in the State is being strengthened. The
Manipur Panchayati Raj Act, 1975 has been enacted, and the Panchayat
elections, under the new Act, will be held within the coming year.
Hon’ble Members, I have given you a broad account of the main
activities and the achievements of my Government. You will
appreciate that there has been considerable progress. The task ahead
calls for clear vision, co-operation and hard work. We have to work
determinedly to further accelerate the pace of progress and to
consolidate the gains already achieved.
I now leave you to your deliberations and I wish you all success.